A 19-year-old French aristocrat, Marie-Joseph Paul Roch Yves Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, accepts a commission as a major-general in the Continental Army—without pay. Young marquis escapes from prison to sail to the Americas to join the grand adventure to begin a new nation.
French Contribution to USA Independence – A Relatively Unsung Story
Union General George Thomas is born in Virginia
On this day, Union General George H. Thomas, who deserves a share of the credit for the Union success in the west, is born in Southhampton County, Virginia. Thomas a Virginian exemplified the difficulties that individuals who chose to break with their native states over the issue of secession faced.
A graduate of West Point and veteran of the Seminole and Mexican-American Wars Thomas commanded the Army of the Cumberland after the Battle of Chickamauga and he was one of the great generals of the American Civil War. However today, for a number of reasons, General Thomas is relatively unknown to the general public.
The Battles of Chickamauga and Chattanooga
BATTLE OF CHICKAMAUGA Documentary
Historic Photos of Chickamauga-Chattanooga Campaign
“Shadow In The Valley” Chickamauga DVD Trailer
July 31, 1937 – American Old West
Apache scout Martine dies
Charles Martine, an Apache scout who played an important role in the surrender of Geronimo, dies on the Mescalero Reservation in New Mexico. Born in 1858 among the Chiricahua Apache of northern Mexico, Martine was captured as a young boy and sold to a Mexican family as a servant. His knowledge of both Spanish and Apache and his familiarity with the southern desert lands eventually made him a valuable interpreter and scout. In 1886, the American General Nelson Miles recruited Martine and another Apache, Kayitah, to help track down the renegade Apache chief Geronimo.
Third Battle of Ypres begins in Flanders
The Allies launch a renewed assault on German lines in the Flanders region of Belgium, in the much-contested region near Ypres, during World War I. The attack begins more than three months of brutal fighting, known as the Third Battle of Ypres. The eventual capture of the village of Passchendaele, by Canadian and British troops, on November 6, 1917, allowed Haig to finally call off the offensive, claiming victory, despite some 310,000 British casualties, as opposed to 260,000 on the German side, and a failure to create any substantial breakthrough, or change of momentum, on the Western Front. Given its outcome, the Third Battle of Ypres remains one of the most costly and controversial offensives of World War I, representing–at least for the British–the epitome of the wasteful and futile nature of trench warfare.
La Batalla de PASSCHENDAELE / Battle of PASSCHENDAELE
Original WW1 Battle Footage Passchendaele 1917 Pont des Arts
Batalla de Ypres (1 de 5) El Infierno de gas.
July 31, 1941 – World War II
Goering orders Heydrich to prepare for the Final Solution
On this day in 1941, Herman Goering, writing under instructions from Hitler, ordered Reinhard Heydrich, SS general and Heinrich Himmler’s number-two man, “to submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired final solution of the Jewish question.”
Goering recounted briefly the outline for that “final solution” that had been drawn up on January 24, 1939: “emigration and evacuation in the best possible way.” This program of what would become mass, systematic extermination was to encompass “all the territories of Europe under German occupation.”
Honor, justice, and humanity, forbid us tamely to surrender that freedom which we received from our gallant ancestors, and which our innocent posterity have a right to receive from us. We cannot endure the infamy and guilt of resigning succeeding generations to that wretchedness which inevitably awaits them if we basely entail hereditary bondage on them. –Thomas Jefferson
America remember and honor your history – it will give direction, purpose and security to your future.