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This Day In History – February 10

 

 

History never looks like history when you are living through it. ~John W. Gardner

 
 

Plow & Hearth

 
 

 
 

Robert the Bruce

Medieval History 1306 – Raibeart Bruis (Robert the Bruce) slays political rival John Comyn igniting the Scottish Revolution against Great Britian

In front of the high altar of Greyfriars Church in Dumfries, Robert the Bruce slays John Comyn, his leading political rival, sparking revolution in the Scottish Wars of Independence

Scotland Template For American Revolution

The First War of Scottish Independence can be loosely divided into four phases: the initial English invasion and success in 1296; the campaigns led by William Wallace, Andrew de Moray and various Scottish Guardians from 1297 until John Comyn negotiated for the general Scottish submission in February 1304; the renewed campaigns led by Robert the Bruce following his killing of The Red Comyn in Dumfries in 1306 to his and the Scottish victory at Bannockburn in 1314; and a final phase of Scottish diplomatic initiatives and military campaigns in Scotland, Ireland and Northern England from 1314 until the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton in 1328.

Robert the Bruce & John Comyn

The war began in earnest with Edward I’s sack of Berwick in March 1296, followed by the Scottish defeat at the Battle of Dunbar and the abdication of John Balliol in July.[3] The English invasion campaign had subdued most of the country by August and, after removing the Stone of Destiny from Scone Abbey and transporting it to Westminster Abbey, Edward convened a parliament at Berwick, where the Scottish nobles paid homage to him as King of England. Scotland had been all but conquered.

Read more about the Wars of Scottish Indenendence at Wikipedia >>


Story of King Robert the Bruce 1/6


 
 

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French and Indian War

French-Indian War (America’s Forgotten War) 1763 – The American Theater of the Seven Years War between Great Britain and France Ends

French and Indian War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Quebec to Great Britain — Crucible of the American Revolution that took place nine years later with the assistance of France

The French and Indian War is the common American name for the war between Great Britain and France in North America from 1754 to 1763. In 1756, the war erupted into the world-wide conflict known as the Seven Years’ War and thus came to be regarded as the North American theater of that war. In Canada, it is usually just referred to as the Seven Years’ War, although French Canadians often call it La guerre de la Conquête (“The War of Conquest”). In Europe, there is no specific name for the North American part of the war. The name refers to the two main enemies of the British colonists: the royal French forces and the various Native American forces allied with them, although Great Britain also had Native allies.

The earliest authenticated portrait of George Washington shows him wearing his colonel's uniform of the Virginia Regiment. This portrait was painted in 1772 by Charles Willson Peale. Wikipedia

The war was fought primarily along the frontiers separating New France from the British colonies from Virginia to Nova Scotia, and began with a dispute over the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, the site of present-day Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The dispute erupted into violence in the Battle of Jumonville Glen in May 1754, during which Virginia militiamen under the command of George Washington ambushed a French patrol. British operations in 1755, 1756 and 1757 in the frontier areas of Pennsylvania and New York all failed, due to a combination of poor management, internal divisions, and effective French and Indian offense. The 1755 capture of Fort Beauséjour on the border separating Nova Scotia from Acadia was followed by a British policy of deportation of its French inhabitants, to which there was some resistance.

Read more about the French and Indian War at Wikipedia >>


French and Indian War (1962)

 


 
 

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Governor James Wright

American Revolution 1776 – Georgia’s Royal Governor Escapes Imprisonment By The American Patriots

On this day in 1776, Georgia’s royal governor, Sir James Wright, escapes from his residence in Savannah to the safety of a waiting British warship, the HMS Scarborough, anchored at the mouth of the Savannah River, and returns to London. Governor Wright had been taken into custody and placed under house arrest nearly a month earlier on January 18, 1776, by Patriots under the command of Major Joseph Habersham of the Provincial Congress.

Parliament had taken control of Georgia from its corporate charter-holders in 1752. Georgia’s founders had hoped to establish a colony of worthy, poor white men able to defend the wealthy slaveholders of South Carolina from the Spanish in Florida. Their vision of an economically viable Southern colony without slaves failed.

Read more at This Day In History >>

 
 

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CSS Albemarle

American Civil War 1862 – The Naval Battle of Elizabeth City, North Carolina Destroys Confederate Mosquito Fleet

A Union naval flotilla destroys the bulk of the Confederate Mosquito Fleet in the Battle of Elizabeth City on the Pasquotank River in North Carolina.

The Battle of Elizabeth City of the American Civil War was fought in the immediate aftermath of the Battle of Roanoke Island. It took place on 10 February 1862, on the Pasquotank River near Elizabeth City, North Carolina. The participants were vessels of the U.S. Navy’s North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, opposed by vessels of the Confederate Navy’s Mosquito Fleet; the latter were supported by a shore-based battery of four guns at Cobb’s Point (now called Cobb Point), near the southeastern border of the town. The battle was a part of the campaign in North Carolina that was led by Major General Ambrose E. Burnside and known as the Burnside Expedition. The result was a Union victory, with Elizabeth City and its nearby waters in their possession, and the Confederate fleet captured, sunk, or dispersed.

Read more about the Battle of Elizabeth City at Wikipedia >>

Confederate States Navy >>

Civil War Brownwater Navies
The Civil War in NE North Carolina

 

USS Commodore Perry's guns, 1864. Wikipedia

 
 


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Nat Love

Old West 1869 – Nat Love African American Cowboy Hits The Cattle Drive Trail

Tennessee- 15 year old Nat Love heads west after giving his mother $50 of $100 that he won in a raffle. Outside of present day Dodge City, Kansas, he hitched on with the Duval cattle outfit from Texas, after riding a mean bronco named “Good Eye”.

Nat Love, also known as Deadwood Dick (1854–1921), pronounced as Nate Love, was an African American cowboy following the American Civil War. In 1907, Love wrote his autobiography, “Life and Adventures of Nat Love.” In his autobiography, Nat Love explains that his father was a slave foreman in the fields, and his mother managed the kitchen. Love had an older brother Jordan and an older sister Sally.

Love was born a slave on the plantation of Robert Love in Davidson County, Tennessee, in June, 1854. Despite slavery era statutes that outlawed black literacy he learned to read and write as a child with the help of his father, Sampson Love. When slavery ended, Sampson attempted to start a family farm to raise tobacco and corn, but he died shortly after the second crop was planted. Nat then took a second job working on a local farm to help make ends meet. After a few years of working odd jobs, he won a horse in a raffle. He sold the horse for one hundred dollars and gave half to his mother, and he used the other half to leave town. He went west to Dodge City, Kansas, to find work as a cowboy. In Dodge City, he joined the cowboys from the Duval Ranch which was stationed in Texas. Because of his excellent horse riding skills, the Duval Ranch cowboys gave Nat the nickname “Red River Dick.” Once he joined the Duval cowboys he left Dodge City and returned with them to the home ranch in the Texas Panhandle. Nat Love’s autobiography tells of many adventures fighting against…

Read more at Wikipedia >>

Nat Love.com

Life and Adventures of Nat Love, Better Known in the Cattle Country as “Deadwood Dick
By Himself; a True History of Slavery Days, Life on the Great Cattle Ranges and on the Plains of the “Wild and Woolly” West, Based on Facts, and Personal Experiences of the Author.


History of the Buffalo Soldiers


 
 

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Spanish soldiers at Leningrad

World War II 1943 – Soviets, Germans and Spanish clash at Battle of Krasny Bor

Attempting to completely lift the Siege of Leningrad, the Soviet Red Army engages German troops and Spanish volunteers in the Battle of Krasny Bor.

The Battle of Krasny Bor was part of the Soviet offensive Operation Polyarnaya Zvezda. The Soviet offensive called for a pincer attack near Leningrad, to build up on the success of Operation Iskra and completely lift the Siege of Leningrad, encircling a substantial part of the German 18th Army. The offensive near Krasny Bor, Leningrad Oblast, formed the western arm of the pincer. The Soviet offensive began on Wednesday, 10 February 1943. The offensive produced noticeable gains on the first day, but rapidly turned into a stalemate. The strong defense of the 250th Infantry (Spanish) and 4th SS Police Division gave the German forces time to reinforce their positions. By February 13, the Soviet forces stopped their offensive in this sector.

In Spain, February 10 became known as “Black Wednesday”, due to the huge losses of the Spanish Division, which lost over 70% of the men engaged in the battle. It was the most costly battle for the Spanish volunteers during their time on the Eastern Front.

Read more about the Battle of Krasny Bor at Wikipedia >>


The World at War (1942) 1/5


Hitler predicted America could be plucked like an over-ripe plumb

 

Spaniards in WW2 (Blue Division and SS volunteers, 1941-1945)

 
 

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Venus

Science 1958 – Radar Bounced Off Planet Venus By MIT Engineers

In 1958, radar signals were bounced off the planet Venus by MIT engineers at Lincoln Laboratories in experiments conducted during an inferior conjuction with Venus. A maser installed at the Millstone Hill radar site, Westford, Mass., was used. The return echoes were distinguished from the background noise using digital signal processing. The results were confirmation by other researchers, and together led to a more precise determination of the value of the astronomical unit (AU), the Earth’s mean distance to the sun. A new value of the AU, 149,600,000 km was adopted at a general meeting of the International Astronomical Union in Hamburg (1964). Radar was also bounced off the Sun (7 Apr 1959). Lincoln Laboratories had been set up to conduct military rather than astronomical research.

Read about other Science events this day in History >>

 
 

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“Let the American youth never forget, that they possess a noble inheritance, bought by the toils, and sufferings, and blood of their ancestors; and capacity, if wisely improved, and faithfully guarded, of transmitting to their latest posterity all the substantial blessings of life, the peaceful enjoyment of liberty, property, religion, and independence.” –Joseph Story, Commentaries on the Constitution, 1833


America remember and honor your history – it will give direction,
purpose and security to your future.

 

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