This Day In History – April 30


” History is a vast early warning system.” ~Norman Cousins


Plow & Hearth


America A New Nation 1789 – George Washington becomes America’s first and most popular president

On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City, George Washington takes the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States.

The first inauguration of George Washington as the first President of the United States took place on April 30, 1789. The inauguration marked the commencement of the first four-year term of George Washington as President. John Adams had already taken office as Vice President since April 21. Sworn in by Chancellor of New York Robert Livingston during this first presidential inauguration, Washington became the first President of the United States following the ratification of the Constitution. Read more Wikipedia.

Image: Oil painting of George Washington’s inauguration as the first President of the United States which took place on April 30, 1789. Source Wikipedia.




American Civil War 1864 – Confederates attack Union Troops at Jenkins’ Ferry, Arkansas

At the Battle of Jenkins’ Ferry in Arkansas, Union troops under General Frederick Steele fight off a Confederate army under General Edmund Kirby Smith as the Yankees retreat towards Little Rock, Arkansas. Jenkins’ Ferry came at the end of a major Union offensive in Arkansas. Read more This Day In History.

Image: Red River Campaign – Wikipedia


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Old West 1884 – Cowboy-outlaw Henry Newton Brown pays a mortal price for bank robbery, Medicine Lodge KS

Medicine Lodge, Kansas- Henry Newton Brown died while attempting to rob the bank (he was Marshal of Caldwell KS at the time). The robbery was a failure and many citizens died. He and others were captured and that night as they were being drug out of their cells he died from a shotgun blast while trying to escape (the others were hanged). He was a cowboy, buffalo hunter and involved in the Lincoln County War. From Lonesome Dove.

Henry Newton Brown (1857 – April 30, 1884) was an American Old West gunman who played the roles of both lawman and outlaw during his life. Brown was raised in Cold Springs Township, in Phelps County, ten miles south of Rolla, Missouri. An orphan, he lived there with his uncle Jasper and aunt Aldamira Richardson until the age of seventeen, when he left home and headed west. He drifted through various cowboy jobs in Colorado and Texas, supposedly killing a man in a gunfight in the Texas Panhandle. Read more Wikipedia and here Legends of America

This photo was taken at Medicine Lodge, Kansas just after the robbery. From left to right, John Wesley, Henry Brown, Billy Smith, and Ben Wheeler. The four robbers were lynched a few hours after this photo was taken. Image 'Legends of America'




Science 1883 – U.S. Science: First 3-Wire lighting company incorporated, Sundbury, Pennsylvania

In 1883, a company that would build the first U.S. three-wire central station for incandescent lighting – the Edison Electric Illuminating Co. was incorporated. The plant was a simple wooden structure erected in Sunbury, Pennsylvania. The station began service on 4 Jul 1883. An Armington & Sims steam engine drove two 110-volt direct-current generators. The electricity was delivered by overhead wires. Thomas Edison patented his three-wire system on 20 Nov 1882 to supercede the distribution system used at his first commercial central generating station in New York (4 Sep 1882) because it gave savings of over 60 per cent in copper used in conductors. This meant a smaller investment and enabled building generating plants in smaller communities.

Image: Edison incandescent light bulbs




World War II 1945 – Hitler one day after his wedding commits suicide in his underground bunker – The world sheds no tears but for the horrific carnage he inspired

Der Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler, dictator of Germany, burrowed away in a refurbished air-raid shelter, consumes a cyanide capsule, then shoots himself with a pistol, on this day in 1945, as his “1,000-year” Reich collapses above him.

Hitler had repaired to his bunker on January 16, after deciding to remain in Berlin for the last great siege of the war. Fifty-five feet under the chancellery (Hitler’s headquarters as chancellor), the shelter contained 18 small rooms and was fully self-sufficient, with its own water and electrical supply. Read more This Day In History.




History is filled with the sound of silken slippers going downstairs and wooden shoes coming up.–Voltaire

America remember and honor your history – it will give direction,
purpose and security to your future.



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