This Day In History July 3, 1754 – French and Indian War: George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French


The Opening Battle of a World War. The battle at Fort Necessity in the summer of 1754 was the opening action of the French and Indian War. This war was a clash of British, French and American Indian cultures. It ended with the removal of French power from North America. Yet the stage was set for the American Revolution with the generally unheralded assistance to the British Colonists of the nation of the Ancient Franks – the tables turn.


George Washington Negotiating Fort Necessity Surrender Document With French

The battle, which took place on July 3, 1754, was an early battle of the French and Indian War, and resulted in the surrender of the British, under Colonel George Washington, to the French and Indians, under Louis Coulon de Villiers.

After returning to the great meadows in what is now Fayette County, Pennsylvania, George Washington decided it prudent to reinforce his position. Supposedly named by Washington as Fort Necessity or Fort of Necessity, the soldiers constructed a storehouse for supplies such as gunpowder, rum, and flour. The crude palisade they erected was built more to defend supplies in the fort’s storehouse from Washington’s own men, whom he described as “loose and idle”, than as a planned defense against a hostile enemy. The sutler of Washington’s force was John Fraser, who earlier had been second-in-command at Fort Prince George. Later he served as Chief Scout to General Edward Braddock and then Chief Teamster to the Forbes Expedition. More…


National Parks Service – Fort Necessity, Prelude to war
Rival claims between the French and the English to the vast territory along the Ohio River between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi approached a climax about 1750. The Ohio Company (organized in 1748 by a group of prominent Englishmen and Virginians who saw the economic and financial potential of the area) had obtained a large grant of 200,000 acres in the upper Ohio River Valley. From its post at Wills Creek, now Cumberland, Maryland, the Company planned additional settlements and started to open an 80-mile wagon road to the Monongahela River. More…



America remember and honor your history – it will give direction, purpose and security to your future.


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