The Green Mountain Boys, the Massachusetts militia and Colonel Nathan Hale’s forces stave off the European oppressors at a sanguineous cost, while main Patriot force moves safely south and future victories.
On this day in 1777, British and Patriot forces in the Saratoga campaign engage in the only battle fought in Vermont territory during the War for Independence, at Hubbardton, near Ticonderoga. Hessians and British under the command of German General Friedrich Adolph Riedesel, Freiherr zu Eisenbach, and British Brigadier General Simon Fraser surprised the Americans, from Major General Arthur St. Clair’s command, in retreat from Fort Ticonderoga, in New York. St. Clair had left behind Colonel Seth Warner’s Green Mountain Boys, Colonel Ebenezer Francis’ 11th Massachusetts Regiment and Colonel Nathan Hale’s 2nd New Hampshire Regiment in Hubbardton to cover the rest of his army’s retreat to the southeast.
On the morning of July 7, the British launched a surprise attack on the Patriot rear guard at Hubbardton led by Simon Fraser’s Advance Corps. The Patriots managed to hold their position at nearby Monument Hill for over an hour until Baron Riedesel led his hymn-singing Brunswick Grenadiers into the fray. The disciplined German force gained the field, and Colonel Francis lost his life to wounds inflicted during the conflict. More…
America remember and honor your history – it will give direction, purpose and security to your future.