This Day In History October 20, 1881 – American Revolution: Ft. Ticonderoga Sermon & Prayer Compel Patriots To Fight The Righteous Fight


The Clergy and the War


This Day In History October 20, 1781 – American Struggle For Independence: Rev. William McKay gives a sermon at Ft. Ticonderoga admonishing the Patriots to be strong, brave and fight for the cause of Independence and Liberty, a spiritual-political message common amongst many religious leaders at the birth of the Nation


Ft. Ticonderoga

Rev. William McKay gave a sermon at Fort Ticonderoga in which he begged them not to be be weak and afraid, but to “do yourselves honor by using the weapons of your warfare with that heroism, firmness, and magnanimity which the cause requires.” Source “The American Revolution Day By Day – Lighting Freedom’s Flame”

Religion and spirituality were a powerful driving force in the American Revolution, with special impetus given particularly by those denominations most experienced with theological and political contest in the British Isles and Europe: the Scottish Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists. Many scholars argue that the American Revolution was brought on by a merging of the traditions of radical Protestant dissent and republicanism. The Great Awakenings that had swept Europe and British America particularly the American Colonies starting in the 1730’s fired the minds and hearts of people to question and struggle against establish political and religious structures and often oppression.


Religion A Wellspring of Liberty & The American Revolution – A Protestant Affair
The spiritual climate in the Americas revived older traditions of Protestant dissent, particularly the opposition to the divine right of kings, demand for participation in governance, resistance against aggressive taxation, individual freedom to practice religion. Religion in America lent impetus to popular and individualistic styles of religious practice that defied the claims of established authorities and venerable hierarchies—first in churches, and later, in the 1760s and 1770s, in imperial politics.

Influence of religious leaders and organizations on the popular culture has gradually been sidelined and besmirched, first and ongoing by the federal government, followed by the forges of popular culture, the news media, entertainment industry and Wall Street. Liberty in American religious and political realms is likely only to be maintained by the very fires and principles present at the Nation’s Founding, that other ancient forces of human nature would suffocate.


Rev. James Caldwell rallies troops

Further reading:

First Great Awakening

Seditious Clergy Lead Revolt Against Corrupt Government

Religion and the American Revolution

Presbyterianism and the American Revolution

Religious Freedom: The First Great Awakening


October 20-30, 1781
Combined British, Loyalist, and Indian Raid Launched in the Mohawk Valley, New York
This force, led by Major John Ross, is nipped in the bud by a combination of lack of Indian interest, muddy roads, and the possibility of encountering Patriot militia commanded by Colonel Marinus Willett. This is the last attempted British offensive in Tryon County.


Other events this day October 20 in the American Revolution



Image: Rev. Peter Muhlenberg before his congregation
John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg (October 1, 1746 – October 1, 1807) was an American clergyman, Continental Army soldier during the American Revolutionary War, and political figure in the newly-independent United States. A Lutheran minister, he served in the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate from Pennsylvania.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Muhlenberg



A people who do not know their history are rudderless in the face of the whims of the “well meaning” and gales of tyrants. What their ancestors gained by struggles and sorrows, and hoped to bequeath to their posterity will count for nothing. All will have to be struggled for and learned once again.

American Spirit, History, Heritage, Destiny!


America remember and honor your history – it will give direction, purpose and security to your future.


First prayer in the Continental Congress

First Prayer of the Continental Congress, 1774

O Lord our Heavenly Father, high and mighty King of kings, and Lord of lords, who dost from thy throne behold all the dwellers on earth and reignest with power supreme and uncontrolled over all the Kingdoms, Empires and Governments; look down in mercy, we beseech Thee, on these our American States, who have fled to Thee from the rod of the oppressor and thrown themselves on Thy gracious protection, desiring to be henceforth dependent only on Thee. To Thee have they appealed for the righteousness of their cause; to Thee do they now look up for that countenance and support, which Thou alone canst give. Take them, therefore, Heavenly Father, under Thy nurturing care; give them wisdom in Council and valor in the field; defeat the malicious designs of our cruel adversaries; convince them of the unrighteousness of their Cause and if they persist in their sanguinary purposes, of own unerring justice, sounding in their hearts, constrain them to drop the weapons of war from their unnerved hands in the day of battle!

Be Thou present, O God of wisdom, and direct the councils of this honorable assembly; enable them to settle things on the best and surest foundation. That the scene of blood may be speedily closed; that order, harmony and peace may be effectually restored, and truth and justice, religion and piety, prevail and flourish amongst the people. Preserve the health of their bodies and vigor of their minds; shower down on them and the millions they here represent, such temporal blessings as Thou seest expedient for them in this world and crown them with everlasting glory in the world to come. All this we ask in the name and through the merits of Jesus Christ, Thy Son and our Savior.


Reverend Jacob Duché
Rector of Christ Church of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
September 7, 1774, 9 o’clock a.m.


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