This Day In U.S. History October 23, 1832 – Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness – Texian political delegates convened at San Felipe de Austin to petition for changes in the governance of Mexican Texas.
Mexican Texas is the name given by Texas history scholars to Texas during the period between 1821 and 1836, when Texas was an integral part of Mexico. The period began with Mexico’s victory over Spain in its war of independence in 1821. For the first several years of its existence, Mexican Texas operated very similarly to Spanish Texas. The first empresarial grant had been made under Spanish control to Stephen F. Austin, whose settlers, known as the Old Three Hundred, settled along the Brazos River in 1822. The grant was later ratified by the Mexican government. Twenty-three other empresarios brought settlers to the state, the majority from the United States of America.
In 1830 President Bustamante outlawed the immigration of United States citizens to Texas. Several new presidios were established in the region to monitor immigration and customs practices. Angry colonists held a convention in 1832 to demand that US citizens be allowed to immigrate. A convention the following year proposed that Texas become a separate Mexican state. Although Mexico implemented several measures to appease the colonists, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna’s measures to transform Mexico from a federalist to a centralist state motivated the Texan colonists to revolt.
The first violent incident occurred on June 26, 1832 at the battle of Velasco. On March 2, 1836, Texans signed the Texas Declaration of Independence. The Texas Revolution ended on April 21, 1836 when Santa Anna was taken prisoner following the Battle of San Jacinto. Although Texas then governed itself as the Republic of Texas, Mexico refused to recognize its independence. Read more...
Who Were The Texians?
Many different immigrant groups came to Texas over the centuries. There was Spanish immigration in the 17th century, French and English in the 18th century, and massive German, Dutch, Swedish, Irish, Scottish, Scots-Irish, and Welsh immigration in the years leading up to Texas independence in the 19th. Thus, the word Texian is not specific to white immigrants or English-speaking immigrants that settled the land. And so, before Texas became a sovereign nation, Texian may refer to any one of its citizens of any color and language.
In 1834–36 the Texian Army was organized for the Texas Revolution of independence from Mexico, a nation which had won its independence from Spain a dozen years earlier. The Texian Army was a diverse group of men and women from many different nations and states. The Texian Army was made up of local native-born Tejano volunteers, United States volunteers from the Southern United States; and people from England, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Portugal and what is now the Czech Republic. Used in this sense, terms like “Texian Army”, “Texian forces”, or “Texian troops”, would refer to any of the inhabitants of Texas, in that era, that participated in the Texas Revolution. Read more…
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