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This Day In U.S. History November 1, 1765 – Taxes & Tyranny, The Forging Of A Nation: The Stamp Act Is Levied On The Colonies

 

stamp act

 

1765 – Liberty born of taxation without representation. Ten years before the outbreak of the American Revolution Britain’s Parliament enacts the Stamp Act without counsel or consent from the American Colonies, fomenting meetings and protests – the Son’s Of Liberty are born. The Stamp Act would be one of the first taxes and authoritarian acts Parliament and King George III would impose on the American Colonies that would meet resistance resulting in totalitarianism and an unexpected response from the Colonies, civil war known to Britain, the American Revolution known to the World.

 
 

Protest burning of the Stamp Act

Protest burning of the Stamp Act

 

Today In U.S. History November 1, 1765 – Struggle for Life, Liberty and Pursuit of Happiness – The American Revolution: In the face of widespread opposition in the American colonies, Parliament enacts the Stamp Act, a taxation measure designed to raise revenue for British military operations in America.

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

They nourished by your indulgence? They grew by your neglect of ’em. As soon as you began to care about ?em, that care was exercised in sending persons to rule over them, in one department and another, who were perhaps the deputies of deputies to some member of this house, sent to spy out their liberty, to misrepresent their actions and to prey upon ’em; men whose behaviour on many occasions has caused the blood of those sons of liberty to recoil within them: men promoted to the highest seats of justice; some who to my knowledge were glad by going to a foreign country to escape being brought to the bar of a court of justice in their own.

–Colonel Isaac Barre to Charles Townshend in defense of the American Colonists on the floor of Parliament

 

The French-Indian War

The French-Indian War

 

Defense of the American colonies in the French and Indian War (1754-63) and Pontiac’s Rebellion (1763-64) were costly affairs for Great Britain, and Prime Minister George Grenville hoped to recover some of these costs by taxing the colonists. In 1764, the Sugar Act was enacted, putting a high duty on refined sugar. Although resented, the Sugar Act tax was hidden in the cost of import duties, and most colonists accepted it. The Stamp Act, however, was a direct tax on the colonists and led to an uproar in America over an issue that was to be a major cause of the Revolution: taxation without representation.

 

Stamp Act protest pamphlet

Stamp Act protest pamphlet

Passed without debate by Parliament in March 1765, the Stamp Act was designed to force colonists to use special stamped paper in the printing of newspapers, pamphlets, almanacs, and playing cards, and to have a stamp embossed on all commercial and legal papers. The stamp itself displayed an image of a Tudor rose framed by the word “America” and the French phrase Honi soit qui mal y pense —”Shame to him who thinks evil of it.”

 

Outrage was immediate. Massachusetts politician Samuel Adams organized the secret Sons of Liberty organization to plan protests against the measure, and the Virginia legislature and other colonial assemblies passed resolutions opposing the act. In October, nine colonies sent representatives to New York to attend a Stamp Act Congress, where resolutions of “rights and grievances” were framed and sent to Parliament and King George III. Despite this opposition, the Stamp Act was enacted on November 1, 1765.

 

At the time of the Stamp Act, "Join, or Die" by Benjamin Franklin was recycled to encourage the former colonies to unite against British rule

At the time of the Stamp Act, “Join, or Die” by Benjamin Franklin was recycled to encourage the former colonies to unite against British rule

 

The colonists greeted the arrival of the stamps with protest and economic retaliation. A general boycott of British goods began, and the Sons of Liberty staged attacks on the customhouses and homes of tax collectors in Boston. After months of protest and economic turmoil, and an appeal by Benjamin Franklin before the British House of Commons, Parliament voted to repeal the Stamp Act in March 1766. However, the same day, Parliament passed the Declaratory Acts, asserting that the British government had free and total legislative power over the colonies.

 

Parliament would again attempt to force unpopular taxation measures on the American colonies in the late 1760s, leading to a steady deterioration in British-American relations that culminated in the outbreak of the American Revolution in 1775. Source … History.com

 

Some members of the Sons of Liberty formed in response to the Stamp Act

Some members of the Sons of Liberty formed in response to the Stamp Act


The Sons Of Liberty

 
 
 

INSIGHT: Opposing opinions on the Floor of Parliament regarding the American Colonists

 

Parliament

Parliament

Charles Townshend:
And now will these Americans, children planted by our care, nourished up by our Indulgence until they are grown to a degree of strength and opulence, and protected by our arms, will they grudge to contribute their mite to relieve us from heavy weight of the burden which we lie under?

 

Colonel Isaac Barre:
They planted by your care? No! Your oppression planted ’em in America. They fled from your tyranny to a then uncultivated and unhospitable country where they exposed themselves to almost all the hardships to which human nature is liable, and among others to the cruelties of a savage foe, the most subtle, and I take upon me to say, the most formidable of any people upon the face of God’s earth. And yet, actuated by principles of true English liberty, they met all these hardships with pleasure, compared with those they suffered in their own country, from the hands of those who should have been their friends.

They nourished by your indulgence? They grew by your neglect of ’em. As soon as you began to care about ?em, that care was exercised in sending persons to rule over them, in one department and another, who were perhaps the deputies of deputies to some member of this house, sent to spy out their liberty, to misrepresent their actions and to prey upon ’em; men whose behaviour on many occasions has caused the blood of those sons of liberty to recoil within them: men promoted to the highest seats of justice; some who to my knowledge were glad by going to a foreign country to escape being brought to the bar of a court of justice in their own.

They protected by your arms? They have nobly taken up arms in your defence, have exerted a valour amidst their constant and laborious industry for the defence of a country whose frontier while drenched in blood, its interior parts have yielded all its little savings to your emolument. And believe me, remember I this day told you so, that same spirit of freedom which actuated that people at first, will accompany them still. But prudence forbids me to explain myself further. God knows I do not at this time speak from motives of party heat; what I deliver are the genuine sentiments of my heart; however superior to me in general knowledge and experience the reputable body of this House may be, yet I claim to know more of America than most of you, having seen and been conversant in that country. The people I believe are as truly loyal as any subjects the king has, but a people jealous of their liberties and who will vindicate them if ever they should be violated; but the subject is too delicate and I will say no more. Source ….

 

The Stamp Act – Forging A Union Of The Colonies

 

 

The Sons Of Liberty

 
 

Timeline of the American Revolution – From the French-Indian War 1754-1763 to the Signing of The U.S. Constitution 1788.

 

America remember and honor your history – it will give direction, purpose and security to your future.


 
 
 
 
 

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